June 4, 2021 Find out more News to go further Europe – Central Asia June 8, 2021 Find out more In a landmark decision on 24 November, the Court of Justice of the European Union has ruled that generalized Internet filtering violates the fundamental rights of European citizens including the right to the free flow of information online. Protection of copyright cannot be protected at the expense of the protection of other basic rights such freedom of information and privacy, the court said.“We welcome the Court of Justice’s interpretation of EU directives, because it stresses that freedom of information is fundamental and it protects European citizens from abusive copyright protection legislation,” Reporters Without Borders said. “European governments must take note of this decision and must abandon plans for Internet filtering legislation.“European parliamentarians, who are to discuss EU adoption of the ACTA by the end of December, should also heed this ruling, which says a balance must be struck between the protection of copyright and the protection of fundamental rights including freedom of information and the confidentiality of personal data.”Reporters Without Borders added: “We also hope that this ruling will have an impact outside Europe, especially in the United States, where the draconian Stop Online Piracy Act is currently under consideration.”The court issued its interpretation at the request of a Brussels appeal court in an action that SABAM (the Belgian Society of Authors, Composers and Editors of Musical Works) brought against Scarlet Extended, an Internet Service Provider, over Scarlet’s refusal to use filtering or blocking to prevent illegal downloading of music to which SABAM has the copyright.The court was asked to decide whether EU directives allow member states “to order an ISP to install, for all its customers, in abstracto and as a preventive measure, exclusively at the cost of that ISP and for an unlimited period, a system for filtering all electronic communications (…) in order to identify on its network the movement of electronic files containing a musical, cinematographic or audio-visual work in respect of which the applicant claims to hold rights, and subsequently to block the transfer of such files.” The Court of Justice ruled that such a generalized system of surveillance is not permitted. It said national courts must respect a directive “which prohibits national authorities from adopting measures which would require an ISP to carry out general monitoring of the information that it transmits on its network.”Paragraph 52 rules that such a filtering system “could potentially undermine freedom of information since that system might not distinguish adequately between unlawful content and lawful content, with the result that its introduction could lead to the blocking of lawful communications.” Paragraphs 43 and 44 of the ruling note that while the right to intellectual property must be protected, “there is however nothing (…) to suggest that that right is inviolable and must for that reason be absolutely protected.” On the contrary, its protection “must be balanced against the protection of other fundamental rights.” Paragraph 45 adds: “National authorities and courts must strike a fair balance between the protection of copyright and the protection of the fundamental rights of individuals who are affected by such measures.”Paragraphs 48 and 49 rule that forcing an ISP to install a complicated, costly filtering system would violate the requirement to strike a fair balance between protection of intellectual property rights and the ISP’s freedom to conduct a business.The court has thereby recognized the impact of Internet filtering on freedom of expression and freedom of information. This is a crucial step forward for the defence of Internet freedom as all EU member states will have to accept this interpretation.Hailing the court’s ruling, French MEP Françoise Castex said it had “applied the brakes to the practice of filtering that prevails in Europe,” a practice which, she said, “sacrifices fundamental freedoms on the altar of intellectual property.” “We’ll hold Ilham Aliyev personally responsible if anything happens to this blogger in France” RSF says RSF calls for a fully transparent investigation after mine kills two journalists in Azerbaijan Help by sharing this information News Receive email alerts Related documents PRESS RELEASE No 126/11PDF – 46.46 KB Respect judicial independence in cases of two leading journalists in Serbia and Montenegro, RSF says Follow the news on Europe – Central Asia June 7, 2021 Find out more Europe – Central Asia News Organisation November 28, 2011 – Updated on January 20, 2016 EU court says Internet filtering violates freedom of information News RSF_en
Five proposed Individual Members:Daina GUDZINEVICIUTE(Female, Lithuania, President of the Lithuanian Olympic Committee, 23.12.1965)Felicite RWEMARIKA(Female, Rwanda, 1st Vice-President of the Rwandan Olympic Committee, 09.03.1958)Camilo PÉREZ LÓPEZ MOREIRA(Male, Paraguay, President of the Paraguayan Olympic Committee, 31.03.1969)Giovanni MALAGO(Male, Italy, President of the Italian Olympic Committee, 13.03.1959)Samira ASGHARI(Female, Afghanistan, 31.03.1994)Two proposed Members whose candidatures are linked to a function within an NOC or world or continental association of NOCs:William Frederick BLICK(Male, Uganda, President of the Ugandan Olympic Committee, 17.10.1974)HRH Prince Jigyel Ugyen WANGCHUCK(Male, Bhutan, President of the Bhutanese Olympic Committee, 16.07.1984)Two proposed Members whose candidatures are linked to a function within an IF or association of IFs, or an organisation recognised by the IOC:Morinari WATANABE(Male, Japan, President of the International Gymnastics Federation (FIG), 21.02.1959)Andrew PARSONS(Male, Brazil, President of the International Paralympic Committee (IPC), 10.02.1977) Buenos Aires, Argentina | THE INDEPENDENT | Uganda Olympic Committee President William Frederick Blick is one of nine proposed names to be voted to join the International Olympic Committee (IOC) top decision making body.The names were proposed by the Executive Board in July ahead of elections at the 113rd IOC session due October 9 in Argentina that is hosting the World Youth Olympics.IOC President Thomas Bach said: “In line with the recommendations of Olympic Agenda 2020, the IOC is constantly aiming at a more diverse and inclusive membership. The Olympic Movement would benefit significantly from the expertise of these nine candidates that we are proposing to the next IOC Session. Their extensive knowledge of the sports movement will add extra strength and experience to the universal college of IOC members.”The addition of nine new Members would bring the total number of IOC Members to 106.Five of these nine proposed new members are Individual Members. Five of those nominiated are three women and two men.“In line with Olympic Agenda 2020, the IOC’s strategic roadmap for the future of the Olympic Movement, the IOC Members Election Commission, chaired by HRH The Princess Royal, proposed these five to the EB following a targeted recruitment process guided by a specific set of criteria,” IOC said in a statement.Four of the nine new proposed Members, in accordance with the Olympic Charter, are representatives of the constituents of the Olympic Movement: the National Olympic Committees (NOCs), the International Federations (IFs) and organisations recognised by the IOC.These four, including Uganda’s Blick, have been chosen in close consultation with the Association of National Olympic Committees (ANOC) and the Association of Summer Olympic International Federations (ASOIF).He would be the second Ugandan to get to the top of the IOC after Maj Gen Francis Nyangweso. The IOC members, are representatives of the IOC in their respective countries, and not their country’s delegate within the IOC.Nyangweso spent 28 years (1981-2009) at the head of his country’s National Olympic Committee before Blick took over. Nyangweso died in 2011.Afghan Samira Asghari (L) and President of Uganda Olympic Committee William Blick, candidates for the membership of the International Olympic Committee (IOC), are pictured during a break of the 133th IOC sessions in Buenos Aires, on October 08, 2018. AFP PHOTOThe nine candidatesThese nine candidates offer various skillsets and come from backgrounds as diverse as sport, communications, business administration, international relations, women’s advocacy, finance, social welfare, economics and NGOs. All of them can bring skills and experience needed by the IOC, and aim to further strengthen the ranks of the Olympic Movement in the years to come.All proposed members have been vetted by the IOC Ethics Commission, which has conducted integrity checks.FULL LIST Share on: WhatsApp
22 Aug 2016 England U16 girls selected to take on Switzerland Four talented girl golfers will represent England in tomorrow’s annual U16 match against Switzerland at Pannal Golf Club in Yorkshire. They are Lily May Humphreys of Essex, Martha Lewis of Surrey, Hannah Screen of Hertfordshire (pictured) and Amelia Williamson of Norfolk. The match precedes the North of England U16 open stroke play championship which will be played from Wednesday to Friday, August 24-26. The players: Lily May Humphreys, 14, (Channels) is an England girl international who has won the English U16 girls’ championship and the Fairhaven Trophies this season. She reached the quarter finals of the British girls’ championship and was third in the European Young Masters. Martha Lewis, 16, (St George’s Hill) has previously represented England at U16 level and was 11th in the English U16 girls’ championship, 15th in the Scottish U18 girls’ championship, 22nd in the English women’s amateur and third in the U16 spring championship. Hannah Screen, 16, (Berkhamsted) has just won the Scottish U16 girls’ open championship and tied 5th in the English U16 girls’ championship. Amelia Williamson, 16, (Royal Cromer), is an England girl international and was runner-up in the English U16 girls’ championship and the Fairhaven Trophies, sixth in the English women’s amateur championship and tied eighth in the European Young Masters. She is the English schools’ champion.
FRONT RUNNING MORENO & ARGENTINE CATCH A FLIGHT HEAD FIELD OF NINE IN SATURDAY’S GRADE II, $200,000 CALIFORNIAN STAKES AT 1 1/8 MILES
ARCADIA, Calif. (May 25, 2015)–Southern Equine Stables’ venerable Moreno, who comes off an epic upset of Shared Belief in his most recent start, heads a field of nine three year olds and up in Saturday’s Grade II, $200,000 Californian Stakes at 1 1/8 miles. The final steppingstone to the Grade I, $500,000 Gold Cup at Santa Anita on June 27, the Californian will be contested for the 62nd time on Saturday.Trained by Eric Guillot, Moreno, a 5-year-old Kentucky-bred gelding by Ghostzapper, sat second early in the mile and one eighth, Grade II Charles Town Classic April 18, assumed command turning down the backside and went on to a powerful two length win as odds-on favorite Shared Belief was eased.Second, beaten 4 ¼ lengths by Shared Belief three starts back in the Grade I Santa Anita Handicap March 7, Moreno is best suited on the front end and although he is winless in eight starts at The Great Race Place, his style is without doubt conducive to success in Arcadia.A Grade I winner who was second, beaten a nose by Will Take Charge at age three in the Grade I Travers at Saratoga, Moreno has marched to the verbose orders of his colorful conditioner through four racing seasons at nine different tracks in three different time zones. His overall mark stands at 26-4-8-4 and he has earnings of $2,926,940.Argentine-bred Catch a Flight, who was third, beaten a head for second by Moreno two starts back in the Santa Anita Handicap, got his first stakes win last out in the Grade III, 1 1/16 miles Precisionist Stakes at Santa Anita on May 2. Highly regarded in the Richard Mandella stable since his arrival late last year, the 5-year-old horse by Giant’s Causeway is running to his notices and looms a stout threat in the Californian.Although Flavien Prat pinch hit for regular pilot Gary Stevens in the Precisionist due to Stevens’ major commitments that day at Churchill Downs, Stevens will be back aboard Catch a Flight on Saturday. Owned by Haras Santa Maria de Araras, Catch a Flight is 14-8-0-3, with earnings of $273,239.Trainer Peter Miller’s Argentine-bred Big Cazanova, a gate to wire winner two starts back of the Grade III, 1 1/8 miles Native Diver Stakes at Del Mar Nov. 29, enters the Californian fresh and dangerous, as he’s been idle since running fifth to Hoppertunity in the Grade II, 1 1/16 miles San Pasqual Stakes Jan. 10.With Tyler Baze engaged to ride from the number one post position, look for Big Cazanova to have run on his mind early on Saturday. Owned by Dona Licha, Gary Barber, Wachtel Stable and Brous Stable, LLC, Big Cazanova, a 6-year-old ridgling by Giant’s Causeway, is 21-4-6-6 overall with earnings of $397,692.Should the likes of Big Cazanova and Moreno scorch the track early, trainer Doug O’Neill’s Sammy Mandeville could prove a late threat. A dedicated deep closer, the 4-year-old colt by Rock Hard Ten flew late to finish second, beaten three quarters of a length, by Catch a Flight in the Precisionist Stakes May 2.Owned by W.C. Racing, Sammy Mandeville is 13-2-3-1 overall with earnings of $166,912.The complete field for the Grade II Californian Stakes, to be run as the eighth race on a nine-race card Saturday, with jockeys and weights in post position order: Big Cazanova, Tyler Baze, 119; Bailoutbobby, Drayden Van Dyke, 119; You Know I Know, Edwin Maldonado, 119; Hard Aces, Victor Espinoza, 119; Lideris, Joe Talamo, 119; Blue Tone, Kent Desormeaux, 119; Moreno, Cornelio Velasquez, 124; Catch a Flight, Gary Stevens, 119 and Sammy Mandeville, Rafael Bejarano, 119. First post time on Saturday is at 12:30 p.m. Admission gates open at 10:30 a.m. CALIFORNIAN IS FINAL MAJOR STEPPINGSTONE TO GRADE I GOLD CUP AT SANTA ANITA JUNE 27 –30–
Manchester United manager Louis van Gaal must splash out on at least FOUR top signings before the close of the transfer window.That is the view of the club’s former first team coach Rene Meulensteen, who feels the current squad is not strong enough to mount a serious title challenge.United slipped to a 2-1 defeat at home to Swansea on the opening day of the Premier League season on Saturday, in what was Van Gaal’s first game at the helm, and Meulensteen insists major rebuilding work is needed at Old Trafford.Speaking on the Alan Brazil Sports Breakfast, the trusted lieutenant of former boss Sir Alex Ferguson warned: “This is not going to be a quick fix. They have still got two weeks to go in this transfer window.“They definitely need to maximise the opportunities in this window and probably in January as well.”He continued: “We need to strengthen at the back, we need to strengthen in midfield and that is foremost the two areas they need to look at.“In my opinion, they need to bring in at least four top players to really crank up the level.”United adopted a 3-5-2 formation long favoured by Van Gaal against Swansea, but looked far from comfortable in the new system.Meulensteen insists the players will get used to it, but has warned it may take a long time before Van Gaal’s methods start to work.He added: “The 3-5-2 system can work. Any system can work if you have the right players and the players are well embedded into the system. That is not the case yet.“It is a process that has just started. They had a very good pre-season but this process will take a long, long time before they get back to where they want to be, which is a dominant United, which plays with pace and penetration, and all these ingredients are not there yet.”
Kammuri turning to super typhoon less likely but possible — Pagasa Stronger peso trims PH debt value to P7.9 trillion View comments Leo Austria, SMB wary of ‘more experienced’ Hotshots ahead of PBA Finals rematch PLAY LIST 01:33Leo Austria, SMB wary of ‘more experienced’ Hotshots ahead of PBA Finals rematch01:15PBA Press Corps awards night01:28’Walang bigayan’: Expect all-out war between sister teams Magnolia, San Miguel01:29Police teams find crossbows, bows in HK university01:35Panelo suggests discounted SEA Games tickets for students02:49Robredo: True leaders perform well despite having ‘uninspiring’ boss02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City Cayetano: 4 social media groups behind SEA Games ‘sabotage’ LATEST STORIES CPP denies ‘Ka Diego’ arrest caused ‘mass panic’ among S. Tagalog NPA Read Next Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Japan ex-PM Nakasone who boosted ties with US dies at 101 San Miguel Beer head coach Leo Austria etched his name in history by becoming the first coach to keep the perpetual Virgilio “Baby” Dalupan trophy—an honor that goes to any mentor who wins the PBA Press Corps’ coach of the year award for three straight years.Austria, 59, bested Barangay Ginebra’s Tim Cone, TNT KaTropa’s Nash Racela and Magnolia (formerly Star) Hotshots’ Chito Victolero for the highest award to be given during the formal event presented by Cignal TV.ADVERTISEMENT Good fight, but where’s the killer punch? Typhoon Kammuri accelerates, gains strength en route to PH QC cops nab robbery gang leader, cohort Austria, who saw action in the PBA from 1985 to 1993, steered the Beermen to the Philippine Cup and Commissioner’s Cup championships.He came a title short of completing a rare Grand Slam as sister team Ginebra retained the season-ending Governors’ Cup crown.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSWATCH: Drones light up sky in final leg of SEA Games torch runSPORTSSEA Games: Philippines picks up 1st win in men’s water poloSPORTSMalditas save PH from shutoutSMC president and chief executive officer Ramon S. Ang will also have the spotlight on as the recipient of the Executive of the Year award conferred in honor of the late Crispa team owner Danny Floro. Brace for potentially devastating typhoon approaching PH – NDRRMC MOST READ
The dates for the 2005 National Touch League have been confirmed as: Opens – Friday to Monday 11 to 14 March 2005 Seniors – Wednesday to Saturday 16 to 19 March 2005 Following on from the announcement of Permits for 2005 to 2007 the Australian Touch Association NTL committee has now been given the task of reviewing the General Conditions for the 2005 Tournament. In the interim the rules and regulations as set out in the current General Conditions Document information stand until the review is completed and the release of the 2005 General Conditions Document.
Justin Brake APTN NewsLeah Ford recalls the abuse she endured as a seven- and eight-year-old student at a residential school in Makkovik, Labrador run by the Moravian Church.Older students in the girls’ dorm made her steal food and cigarettes from a teacher’s room. When she was caught she “got a beating on my bum,” she says. Other times Ford was whipped with a tree branch.If she refused to steal, “I would have got beat up anyway,” the 80-year-old survivor explains, seated at the kitchen table of her apartment in a senior’s complex in Happy Valley-Goose Bay.“It wasn’t only me. There was other girls.”80-year-old residential school survivor Leah Ford says she was abused by a teacher, a house mother and older students at the Moravian Church-run school in Makkovik in the 1940s. She was excluded from the Trudeau Government’s settlement and apology last November.Ford is one of an untold number of residential school survivors from Newfoundland and Labrador who have waited decades for an acknowledgement of their suffering, an apology, and perhaps for other acts of recognition to help them on their healing journeys from the suffering they endured at the hands of colonial governments and institutions who abused and attempted to assimilate them.When Prime Minister Justin Trudeau apologized to residential school survivors in Labrador last November, Ford was not in the crowd. She was home, a few blocks away.She was excluded from the class action settlement that compensated many of her fellow survivors, and was not an intended recipient of Trudeau’s apology on behalf of Canada.“I was really disappointed, but I won’t cry about it,” she says, recalling the day Trudeau came to town. “They can keep their money.”The Labrador apology contributed to a national narrative that justice was being served to residential school survivors in Canada.But Ry Moran, director of the National Centre for Truth and Reconciliation in Winnipeg, says the Truth and Reconciliation Commission heard from thousands of survivors whose suffering has not officially been acknowledged by the state.“On one side of things we can celebrate the fact that there was an apology, and there was a recognition of the harms done. At the same time we have to recognize that we have got so many more apologies that we need to make in this country,” he says.“It is very unfortunate where we are seeing people being left out. And I can only imagine how hurtful that would be.”Former Prime Minister Stephen Harper’s Indian Residential School Settlement and apology in 2008 excluded survivors from Newfoundland and Labrador because, the government argued at the time, the province was not part of Canada when the schools were established.A subsequent settlement by the Trudeau government established criteria according to which survivors from Newfoundland and Labrador would be compensated.Those who attended prior to the province joining Confederation in 1949, and those who attended only during the day and did not stay in the dorms, were not part of the settlement.On Nov. 23, the day before Trudeau’s apology, Premier Dwight Ball announced the province, too, would apologize to survivors.Following Trudeau’s apology in Happy Valley-Goose Bay, Ball told APTN he did not yet know if the government would be apologizing to survivors who attended when Newfoundland was still a British dominion, or to those who attended the schools by day.Prime Minister Justin Trudeau visited Happy Valley-Goose Bay last November to apologize to residential school survivors from Newfoundland and Labrador who were left out of the Indian Residential Schools settlement and apology in 2008.On Friday, Ball’s office sent APTN a statement saying the government is still in consultations with five Indigenous governments and organizations “regarding the delivery of the apology,” and that [g]iven the sensitive nature of the subject matter and the consultations, we will not comment on the details of the apology until all consultations are finished.”Retired Inuk judge James Igloliorte was commissioned by the federal government to lead the healing and commemoration part of Canada’s settlement with Newfoundland and Labrador survivors.At a recent community feast for survivors in Happy Valley-Goose Bay, he told APTN he’s not aware of how many survivors were excluded from the federal settlement and apology, but that he assumes the pre-1949 survivors “are not large numbers.”In an interview with APTN last November, Igloliorte said during the consultation process with survivors in Labrador he heard from a number of people who felt a federal apology was “hollow…because only one of four parties is actually speaking.”After seeing that interview on APTN National News, International Grenfell Association [IGA] Chair Keating Hagmann said the IGA board decided to apologize for the institution’s role in the survivors’ suffering.“The IGA offers its sincere apology for in any way not sheltering these individuals from the suffering they endured,” the statement reads.“In the spirit of reconciliation, IGA looks forward to walking into the future with all peoples of Newfoundland and Labrador.”The IGA operated schools in St. Anthony, Cartwright and North West River and still has an active charitable presence in Labrador.The Moravian Church, which operated schools in Nain and Makkovik and has a long and intricate history with the Inuit of northern Labrador, has not apologized for its role.APTN reached out to Moravian Church representatives in Labrador, the United States and the U.K. No one willing to do an interview responded to the requests.As the federal healing and commemoration process continues for the nearly 1,000 residential school survivors from Newfoundland and Labrador, untold others await a decision by the provincial government on whether it will apologize and take responsibility for the abuse and assimilation perpetrated against them in their youth.“When we’re excluding people that’s kind of recreating some of the hurt,” says Moran, “and it can be a real barrier to actual longterm reconciliation.”
MANSEAU, Que. – Ocean Spray Cranberries Inc. has signed a deal to buy Quebec company Atoka Cranberries Inc. from the Bieler Group.Financial terms of the agreement were not immediately available.In addition to acquiring the Atoka brand and processing facility, Ocean Spray says it intends to purchase the Bieler Group’s freezer and receiving facilities in the coming year.Atoka, based in Manseau, Que., was founded in 1984 as a cranberry farming operation.The Bieler Group is expected to retain its cranberry growing operations and become a farmer-owner of the Ocean Spray Co-operative.Ocean Spray is a co-operative owned by more than 700 cranberry growers in the United States, Canada and Chile.
TORONTO – When fans score tickets for events at the Burton Cummings Theatre in Winnipeg in the future, they might notice the absence of a familiar feature: that ubiquitous zebra-styled inventory tracker bar that adorns almost every retail product imaginable.The theatre’s operator, True North Sports and Entertainment, is testing a new Ticketmaster system that gives venues the option to omit barcodes that would usually be scanned to validate a ticket’s authenticity and grant entry to a concert or sporting event.It could be an early sign that the days of the barcode are numbered as technological improvements allow companies to replace them with more secure digital tickets with codes embedded in a fan’s phone or a Wi-Fi connected wristband that lets them track consumers for both security and data-collection purposes.Invented in the 1970s, the barcode was first used to purchase a 67-cent pack of Wrigley’s Juicy Fruit gum, but was quickly adopted in many industries after companies realized it could expedite purchases and assist in tracking inventory.Businesses that are already moving on from the barcode range from Montreal’s Osheaga music festival, which prefers scannable wristbands, to Amazon’s new, cashierless store in Seattle that uses various sensors to detect products customers have in their carts and automatically charge their accounts.One U.K. retail expert recently gave the technology a shelf life of only another five to 10 years.“The barcode’s going to go away,” Ticketmaster’s CEO Michael Rapino reportedly told an audience at a Goldman Sachs investor conference last fall, though he didn’t offer a timeline for the barcode’s demise.His company has stayed fairly quiet about its experiments with ditching the barcode through Ticketmaster Presence — a program that allows venues to let fans scan e-tickets embedded with a digital token instead of a barcode and stored on their phone or smartwatch at self-service terminals to gain entry to events.The entertainment giant wouldn’t name what Canadian venues or artists are looking to experiment with cutting the barcode beyond the Burton Cummings Theatre, which True North Sports and Entertainment’s vice-president of communications, Rob Wozny said has yet to offer a barcodeless show.So far Ticketmaster said 70 venues, including the 25,500-person capacity Orlando City Stadium, have used Presence in North America and more are likely to toy with the program this year as it rolls out further.Ticketmaster started pushing Presence amid its ongoing crusade against bots that buy up large portions of tickets within seconds after they go on sale online and fraudsters that dupe ticket buyers in the resale market by photocopying a ticket numerous times and reselling it to unsuspecting fans who are then denied entry at the door.“That’s bad for everyone involved — venues, clubs, artists, and especially the fans,” Justin Burleigh, Ticketmaster’s executive vice president of product, said in an email.A digital smartphone ticket is supposed to be more difficult to resell on sites and especially outside of concert venues.“(With Presence) there has been zero instances of fraud so far and the tech is succeeding in getting fans into venues to see their favourite live events faster and more efficiently than ever.”Presence not only directs fans to the shortest lines or parking lots with the most empty spaces, but offers a sales and marketing edge because it gives Ticketmaster access to reams of data on eventgoers and their habits.Barcodeless systems also offer the opportunity to lower staffing costs by eliminating the need to scan individual items or tickets, said Norman Shaw, an associate professor at Ryerson University, who studies the cashless society.Shaw said companies are gravitating towards two barcode alternatives: near-field communication (NFC), which is most often seen in tap-and-go credit cards and proximity-based garage entry systems, and radio frequency identification (RFID), which companies can set up to detect which items are leaving their store.“If I have RFID, I have more flexibility, because as soon as it comes in, I know what I have,” said Shaw. “On a store level, it is really important for a retailer to know what they have, rather than having to look at every single item.”For instance, cruiselines use the technology to monitor who gets on and off at ports of call.Companies are using such technologies to track internal movements as well.Retailers with large warehouses have been among the quickest to adopt RFID for use with incoming shipments that are often bundled on large pallets that can be difficult and tedious to comb through, Shaw said.Miners and energy companies, such as Suncor Energy, are using RFID fobs to locate workers without forcing them to scan a barcoded pass as they enter rooms. And manufacturers such as Ford Motor Co. and DeWalt use RFID to help construction and factory workers keep track of tools and equipment.While Shaw believes the proliferation of RFID and NFC will continue, he doesn’t expect retailers to abandon the barcode en masse because most of the alternatives require customers to have a smartphone or rely on the internet, which can have outages.“It doesn’t cover every situation, but it will cover many, many situations,” he said.But as for any notion that the barcode is on its deathbed, he added, “It will take us a long time to get there.”